Data fusion in the “FriDa - Frische Daten“ project

© Fraunhofer IOSB / M. Zentsch
NIR spectrometer recording the spectrum of a tomato.
© Fraunhofer IOSB
Avocado images in the RGB and NIR wavelength range. The fruits on the left are undamaged, those on the right damaged or overripe.

Short description of the project

The project “FriDa - Frische Daten“ (Fresh Data) aims to digitally map the freshness of food within the entire supply chain from harvest to sale. In the process, the technical possibilities of Industry 4.0 are translated into the food industry in an exemplary manner.


A reduction of food waste with the help of NIR spectroscopy and additional sensors along the food supply chains, because in the EU 20% of all food produced ends up in the rubbish every year. This equates to 88 million tonnes of food thrown away, with an annual value of around €143 billion. Food waste is not only an ethical and economic problem, but also a burden on the soil and the environment. Food waste is responsible for 8% of all global man-made greenhouse gas emissions. For these reasons, EU member states have committed to halving food waste by 2030.

Project goals and approach

In addition to spectral sensors, other sensors will be integrated into the food supply chain as part of the project. For this purpose, individual food transport containers will be equipped with integrated temperature, humidity, position and acceleration sensors. The temperature and humidity data can be used to create better shelf-life models for temperature-sensitive food. The acceleration sensors can be used to check whether pressure-sensitive foods have been transported improperly and thus have a high probability of being damaged. These models can be supplemented with data from the spectral food scanners at certain stations, such as before packaging and at goods receiving.

All data is continuously transferred to the cloud, creating an improved flow of information along the food supply chain. This enables better, data-based decisions for all stakeholders, which also reduces food waste.

Project partners

  • tsenso GmbH
  • Euro Pool System Int. (Deutschland) GmbH
  • Institut für angewandte Systemtechnik Bremen GmbH
  • Universität Bonn - AG Cold Chain Management
For more information on the project partners, please visit the FriDa project website.


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Further information

Project duration: November 1, 2020 - October 31, 2023

The project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) based on a resolution of the German Bundestag. The project is sponsored by the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) within the framework of the Innovation Promotion Program.

Food Control

In the business unit Inspection and Optronic Systems, Fraunhofer IOSB deals, among other things, with solutions for the application area “Food Control“ - learn more about it here!