Digitalization as an opportunity for agriculture
Industrialisation has also had a strong impact on agricultural engineering in recent decades. Ever wider working widths and speeds as well as increasing degrees of automation have drastically increased not only productivity but also the weight of the machine. Also, fertilisation, excessive use of herbicides, pesticides and fungicides or various types of genetically modified planting material lead to permanent damage to the biosphere. Organic farming has developed as an alternative. Here, the focus is on resource-conserving agriculture and a conscious decision is made to accept losses in productivity. The UN's Agenda 2030 for "Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture" worldwide aims to reconcile sustainability and productivity. The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft's new lighthouse project COGNAC, "Cognitive Agriculture", is in line with this.
With Fraunhofer towards highly efficient and sustainable agriculture of the future
In the Fraunhofer lighthouse project COGNAC, "Cognitive Agriculture", eight Fraunhofer Institutes, including the Fraunhofer IOSB, are jointly researching into basic principles which will enable farmers in a digitised world to achieve high productivity in harmony with other objectives such as sustainability or product quality.