INTERACT - Interoperability Standards for Unmanned Armed Forces Systems


INTERACT aims to create a basis for a future European interoperability standard for military unmanned systems. It will be achieved by integrating the technical knowledge and operational experience available in Europe on control, monitoring, and application of unmanned systems for the concept definition of a future European cross-industry interoperability standard for military unmanned systems.

This standard will allow unmanned assets to be deployed flexible in different configurations, such as singular deployment, in manned-unmanned teaming, in hand-over modes or as autonomous swarms, all this independent of organizational or national provenance.


Unmanned systems are already broadly used by the armed forces to conduct a wide variety of tasks ranging from data collection, providing services (like transport, navigation and communication), and providing effects (kinematic and non-kinematic). Currently, unmanned air­borne systems are dominating, but unmanned ground vehicles, surface and underwater systems are also increasingly complementing traditional branch of services and expanding their range of applications. The complexity of the military tasks and missions are expected to broadly expand the use of unmanned systems in the defence domain, often operating together with manned systems and human actors. The increasingly demand for competitive solutions has led to innovative unmanned military systems that have been developed and tested throughout Europe by various large manufacturers and industries. However, each manufacturer implements different ways of navigation and control, different interfaces for data acquisition and process­ing, and different possibilities of operating unmanned systems in a complex environment togeth­er with manned systems. Consequently, interoperability and compatibility among the systems is reduced, the vendor lock-in is increased and the system life cycle management is hampered.

Solution approach

The development of an interoperable open architecture for mobile, unmanned systems (land, air, water and sub-surface) by the INTERACT project provides a strategic value for both – operational end-users and industry. The ability to make the unmanned systems interop­erable i.e. exchange data and information from various systems on one hand and ensur­ing interchangeability across system payloads in a flexible manner on the other hand, will enable the armed forces to react comprehensively to rapidly changing requirements.

In brief, the INTERACT solution:

  • Will enable a smoothly adoptable composition of systems and teams (both manned and unmanned)
  • Will facilitate that required resources can be exchanged rapidly and reallocated
  • System downtimes will be avoided or reduced by optimally distributing and exploiting systems or system parts

All the above can apply within armed forces units, between different armed forces units or service branches but conceptually also across national forces. Lastly, standardized interfaces for human-machine interaction can achieve continuity in the handling of the systems with positive effects on the certification, training and relevance of the assets.

German project partners

Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation IOSB



Department IAS of Fraunhofer IOSB

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More information

to the project