The Muscat project is based on the announcement of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) on the topic "Civil Security - Protection and Rescue in Complex Operational Situations" of 22 February 2013 within the framework of the Federal Government's "Research for Civil Security 2012-2017" programme. With this announcement, the BMBF aims to support the work of the emergency services with organisational and technical solutions. This concerns improved equipment as well as strengthening the cooperation between the forces, e.g. by means of comprehensive situation assessment, communication and decision support systems.
The aim of the project "Multisensorially supported recording of criminals in crowds in complex operational situations" (Muscat) is to increase the quantitative and qualitative preservation of evidence of crimes committed during major events with increased risk potential. This also includes so-called "risk games" in the German football leagues. Those "risk games" in which the federal and state police forces have been able to observe a significant increase in the tendency in recent years to commit violent crimes from within the anonymous crowd are among the particularly problematic operational situations. In Muscat, therefore, the security of citizens through efficient investigation of crimes, compliance with the differentiation principle, qualitative preservation of evidence and direct criminal prosecution will be researched and implemented by means of a demonstrator using the example of police operations at football matches, from the journey to the train stations to the stadium. Special focus is placed here on the realisation of an adequate communication interface between units of the Federal and State Police.
Muscat pursues the vision of creating a more targeted and differentiated system solution to support police intervention measures against troublemakers and criminals while respecting all basic rights. In doing so, Muscat wants to significantly increase the protection of several actors:
- Protection of rail passengers:
Violent clashes often occur in trains and at stations where fan groups gather before the matches, which pose a particular threat to rail passengers.
- Protection of fans in the stadium:
In the event of violent clashes between rival fan groups or individual offenders, as well as the burning of various pyrotechnic objects inside the stadium, there is always the danger of uninvolved fans.
- Protection of uninvolved citizens:
Fan lifts often pass through areas of the city centre on their way from the railway station to the stadium, where completely uninvolved citizens may unwillingly become the addressees of violent actions. It is not uncommon for such events to cause significant damage to property.
- Protection of fan groups:
Not only uninvolved persons but also the aggressive fan groups themselves are in increased danger. Often thrown objects or the use of pyrotechnic fans within the own group injure them.
- Protection of police officers:
The danger for a violent football jammer to be brought to justice more directly and with more reliable evidence through the use of police technology develops a general preventive effect and indirectly the reduction of attacks against police officers.