Short description of the project
An excavator works without an operator? Yes, there is one. It was developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Optronics, Systems Engineering and Image Exploitation IOSB in Karlsruhe. The autonomous excavator "IOSB.BoB" ("excavator without an operator") can, for example, recover hazardous materials or remove contaminated soil layers and represents a flexible demonstration and development system for testing scalable autonomous functions.
People no longer have to put themselves in danger
Robots will act more independently and networked in the future. They work hand in hand with humans or they explore dangerous environments independently. They will develop into autonomous systems. They can solve complex tasks, make their own decisions and learn to react to unforeseen events. After natural disasters - e.g. an earthquake - or after industrial accidents - e.g. a fire in a chemical plant - the emergency services depend on an up-to-date and precise overview of the situation.
The Fraunhofer IOSB has therefore developed a system consisting of autonomous vehicles and sensor probes. It enables inaccessible areas to be explored without putting people in danger. Thanks to a toolbox of algorithms for localization, mapping, obstacle detection and motion planning, robots can move autonomously in unknown, unstructured terrain.