Climate conditions are changing worldwide. This includes an increase in intensity and frequency of (among others) extreme weather events. All major disasters require an immediate, comprehensive, and professional response.
Unfortunately, many different systems with heterogeneous data from several resources such as environmental, social media are not compatible with each other. Until now, this splintered structure dominates the emergency management landscape, leaving each single community or county responsible for preparing for disasters. This fragmented system often created significant risk exposures to communities, and limited resources resulted in significant loss of life and property.
In every disaster and crisis, incident time is the enemy, and getting accurate information about the scope, extent, and impact of the disaster is critical to creating and orchestrating an effective disaster response and recovery effort. The main goal of beAWARE is to provide support in all phases of an emergency incident.
beAWARE will collect heterogeneous data from several resources such as environmental, social media, input from first responders and/or people in danger and will semantically integrate them in order to provide decision support services to the crisis management center (see figure).
beAWARE proposes an integrated solution to support forecasting, early warnings, transmission and routing of the emergency data, aggregated analysis of multimodal data and management the coordination between the first responders and the authorities. Our intention is to rely on platforms, theories and methodologies that are already used for disaster forecasting and management and add the elements that are necessary to make them working efficiently and in harm under the same objective.
The overall context for beAWARE lies in the domain of situational awareness and command and control (C2). Situational awareness means to accurately determine what has happened, what is happening now, and what will come next, all in order to plan and coordinate the most effective response possible with the resources available.
Fraunhofer IOSB is already working with other European partners on development of an interoperability framework for seamless interworking of heterogeneous IoT platforms (both closed industrial and open-source solutions) hosting both legacy and next generation of smart objects with the aim to enable simplified cross-platform development of end-user IoT applications. beAWARE will reuse this knowledge and facilitate it for the domain of emergencies including the appropriate interaction models and define the data representation and semantic. The intermediate component will implement the required protocol adapters, analyse emergency related information/event and integrate with beAWARE architecture.
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, under Grant Agreement No. 700475.