EBITA – Smart applications for the Internet of Things
After Web 2.0 and 3.0 a new network system is being developed in the internet in which not only people communicate with each other, but also real objects such as machines, component parts, system controllers, buildings, logistics processes, vehicles or energy users.
The merging of the real world with the virtual information world
In the Internet of Things the physical world merges more and more with the virtual world as now also devices, machines, component parts as well as logistics communicate among themselves and exchange data. This leads to an increasing amount of available data which has to be converted to information by intelligent analysis of data and interlinking. Information overflow is prevented by aggregation and role-specific distribution. That way each participant of the network receives precisely the information which he needs to fulfill his job.
The Internet of Things enables the global data exchange. This will lead to more efficiency and to an improved quality of the range of goods for the consumers. There exists, however, risks of possible data misuse, which already have to be taken into consideration while producing and designing new applications.
Goals of the EBITA project
The goal of the project EBITA, which is conducted in cooperation with the LIP6, the computer science Institute of the French University of Excellence Sorbonne Universités, is to develop new applications and business models for the Internet of Things and to make them available on the market. Volker Tippmann from Fraunhofer who is project manager and in charge of the cooperation with France explains: „The applications for Smart Home and Smart Energy within the context of this project should represent flexible systems which adapt to the respective technological requirements and different business models. Protection of data privacy has to be an important element of such a system from the very start as the detailed analysis of the consumer data implies the risk to unintentionally create user profiles and use them commercially.
The platform OpenIoT (www.openiot.eu) which was developed within the framework of an EU-project serves as a baseline for the project.
Internet of Things based Smart Grid Monitoring
In the course of the energy turnaround hundreds of new energy generators, from private photovoltaic plants to offshore wind power, are produced. The feeding-in of energy in our energy network is therefore exposed to strong variations. Also the amount of nodes in our energy management networks rises.
At the same time it is expected that the usage of electric vehicles will increase, especially in business enterprises. If all vehicles are loaded at the same time this will lead to peak demands and shortages. These shortages will have to be compensated by the network operators in order to guarantee a constant amount and quality of power supply. Network providers need precise information on the type and behavior of energy consumers, in order to optimize their energy management accordingly.
Within the framework of the project EBITA, IOSB in Ilmenau investigates the potential to use decentralized sensor information in order analyze power quality as part of a Smart Grid Monitoring System. The results will make data available to the Cloud which will be used in the future to optimize the grid management of energy providers and consumers.
Smart Cities and Smart Industries
Larger consumer units such as districts and industrial estates in the context of Smart Cities and/or Smart Industries will have to be structured into several sub-systems and combined with other sub-systems, possibly relying upon different technological platforms. Such system-of-systems environment should be integrated by means of an OpenIoT-Platform where the consumer performance data and further data such as forecasts, the price development of electricity or the availability of green electricity are interconnected.
IoT-expert at Fraunhofer IOSB, Thomas Usländer: „I am convinced that only an open platform, based on standards, will unleash the enormous potential of the Internet of Things.
On the one hand new business models, customer-specific services and new services are rendered possible. On the other hand data protection and privacy have to be embedded in the very core concepts of the platform. This is called Security and Privacy by Design.
This work has been partially funded by the French government through the National Agency for Research (ANR) under the Sorbonne Universités Excellence Initiative program (Idex, reference ANR-11-IDEX-0004-02) in the framework of the Investments for the future program. On the German side the project is sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Förderkennzeichen 01SF0804).